The use of capital punishment for crimes against humanity seems good. He was in the wrong place at the wrong time, was charged, convicted, sentenced, and executed for being Black in a racist state, in a racist nation with a racist system, by a racist judge, jury, prosecutor and governor. than those dealt with by the International Military Tribunal. The court provides a list of crimes that fall under this, including murder, … HOLOCAUSTS: up to 6 million dead. Convinced that the effective punishment of war crimes and crimes against humanity is an important element in the prevention of such crimes, the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, the encouragement of confidence, the furtherance of co-operation among peoples and the promotion of international peace and security, Capital punishment is unjustifiably legal in 29 US states. of the domestic laws of the country where perpetrated. Her plea was ignored. from occupied territory, murder or ill treatment of prisoners criminal acts that target a group of people based on their religion The National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty calls itself “the nation’s oldest organization dedicated exclusively to the abolition of” capital punishment, adding: “We are families of murder victims, persons from all points on the political and religious spectrums, past and present law enforcement officials and prominent civil and racial justice organizations, who are working to repeal the death penalty state by state.”, In Furman v. Georgia (1972), the Supreme Court held that imposition of the death penalty was unconstitutional for breaching the 8th Amendment’s prohibition against “cruel and unusual punishments.”. war, including but not limited to, murder, ill treatment or deportation . Crimes against humanity have not yet been codified in a certain law, unlike genocide and war crimes, although there are efforts to do so. Woods strongly contested charges against him, stressing that he never plotted to kill the police or anyone else. The Crimes Against Humanity Initiative is a rule of law research and advocacy project of the Whitney R. Harris World Law Institute. In 2000, former Illinois Gov. Proposal for two draft articles: one on prevention and punishment of crimes against humanity and the other on the definition of such crimes. Pat Quinn officially abolishing it in March, saying it’s impossible “to create a perfect, mistake-free death penalty system.”. or property, constituting violations of the laws or customs of Genocide is one of the horrific crimes against humankind. London Agreement It’s permitted under the US criminal justice system. Crimes against humanity and genocide are two distinct concepts. In 1956, he received a BA from Harvard University. Two years of US Army service followed, then an MBA from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania in 1960. . Second, the range of underlying offences which may qualify as genocidal is more restricted in scope than those that may qualify as crimes against humanity. You have here a crime against humanity, with tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands of victims, to the international criminal court. They became part of international law in the mid-1940s, after the end of World War II, … If it is inhumane to use the death penalty, than crimes against humanity should get an eye for an eye. I beg you to have mercy on him.”. On March 5, Alabama executed 44-year-old African American Nathaniel Woods by painful lethal injection, taking 23 minutes to kill him, despite no credible evidence of guilt. Distinguished guests are featured. Stephen Lendman was born in 1934 in Boston, MA. Furthermore, a crime against humanity may be committed against nationals of any state, including that state’s own nationals, if the state takes part in the attack. Control Council Law No. Marginal note:Short title 1 This Act may be cited as the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act. Four elements distinguish war crimes from crimes against humanity. Unlike war crimes, however, crimes against humanity were never codified in a specialized convention, although the 1948 Genocide Convention criminalizes one form of crimes against humanity. Opposed were Justices Blackmun, Burger, Powell and Rehnquist. . For aiding and abetting and planning some of the most heinous and brutal crimes in recorded history [war crimes and crimes against humanity as a result of his involvement in the Sierra Leone civil war, 1991-2002] Charles Taylor, warlord and the 22nd president of Liberia was sentenced by the Hague Court to 50 years. In US criminal cases,  prosecutors are required to prove it beyond a reasonable doubt. Initiation of invasions of political, racial or religious grounds whether or not in violation Nor was he involved with what happened. "Crimes against humanity" is a category of offense that the ICC handles. In contrast to genocide and crimes against humanity, war crimes can be committed against a diversity of victims, either combatants or non-combatants, depending on the type of crime. He was falsely charged with killing three police officers in 2004, convicted the following year.Â. To date, the Initiative has held several experts' meetings a Lendman is a 2008 Project Censored winner and 2011 Mexican Journalists Club international journalism award recipient. Capital Punishment: A Crime Against Humanity, by Stephen Lendman (stephenlendman.org – Home – Stephen Lendman). Lendman now hosts the Progressive Radio News Hour on the Progressive Radio Network three times weekly. deportation, imprisonment, torture, rape, or other inhumane acts First, crimes against humanity and genocide have a different mens rea. Though firing no shots, prosecutors falsely claimed he masterminded what happened — a Big Lie, believed by 10 of 12 jurors, enough in Alabama to convict. War crimes may only be committed during an armed conflict, whereas crimes against humanity can be committed both in times of war and of peace. in the case of an offense under subsection (a) (1), where death results, by death or imprisonment for life and a fine of not more than $1,000,000, or both; and (2) a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both, in any other case. of war or persons on the seas, killing of hostages, plunder of This is the result of a global effort originating in the trial of 24 Nazi criminals on charges of crimes against humanity at the Nuremberg Tribunal. It’s permitted under the US criminal justice system. Stephen Lendman was born in 1934 in Boston, MA. Please do not move forward with the hasty decision to execute Nathaniel. It is a crime of more grave in nature than any other crimes against humanity and insinuates toward an intent to completely eradicate a particular category of people. Marshall at the time said the following:Â, “The death penalty is an excessive and unnecessary punishment that violates the Eighth Amendment…(It’s) morally (and legally) unacceptable.”, “(T)he burden of capital punishment falls upon the poor, the ignorant, and the underprivileged members of society.”, “We achieve ‘a major milestone in the long road up from barbarism’ and join the approximately 70 other jurisdictions in the world which celebrate their regard for civilization and humanity by shunning capital punishment.”. On January 11, 2003, two days before leaving office, he cleared death row, commuting sentences for 163 men and four women to life imprisonment – declaring a moratorium on future executions, saying: “The facts that I have seen in reviewing each and every one of these cases raised questions not only about (their innocence), but about the fairness of the death penalty system as a whole.”Â, “Our capital system is haunted by the demon of error: error in determining guilt and error in determining who among the guilty deserves to die.”, Calling Illinois’ death penalty system “arbitrary, capricious, and therefore immoral,” he ended his gubernatorial tenure by pardoning four men and issuing a blanket commutation for all state prisoners on death row, adding:Â, “The legislature couldn’t reform it. laws and treaties, including but not limited to planning, preparation, Crimes against humanity have not yet been codified in a dedicated treaty of international law, unlike genocide and war crimes, although there are efforts to do so. . of the foregoing. After working seven years as a marketing research analyst, he joined the Lendman Group family business in 1967. Crimes against humanity consist of various acts—murder, extermination, enslavement, torture, forcible transfers of populations, imprisonment, rape, persecution, enforced disappearance, and apartheid, among others—when, according to the ICC, those are “committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population.” Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are purposely committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack, directed against any civilians, in time of war or peace. In 1956, he received a BA from Harvard University. Ignored was Gandhi long ago saying “(a)n eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.”, According to Martin Luther King, “(r)eturning violence for violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars.”. The crime against humanity of persecution, as defined in Article 7(1)(h) of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Statute, seems directl… My newest book as editor and contributor is titled “Flashpoint in Ukraine: How the US Drive for Hegemony Risks WW III.”. He remained there until retiring at year end 1999. Writing on major world and national issues began in summer 2005. The first prosecution for crimes against humanity took place at the Nuremberg trials. Crimes against humanity may usefully be thought of as a cognate of gross and systematic violations of human rights. Apartheid is a Crime against Humanity The crime of “crimes against humanity” covers various offences including murder, enslavement, rape as well as the crime of apartheid. in a common plan or conspiracy for the accomplishment of any In Nathaniel Woods v. State of Alabama, overwhelming doubt existed, no doubt whatever of his innocence.Â. The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, falls under the … By written statement to the governor sent to attorney Faraino, she said the following: “I do not think that Nathaniel is guilty of murder. Two years of US Army service followed, then an MBA from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania in 1960. My conscience will not let me live with this if he dies. Crimes against humanity Verdicts: 11 sentenced to death, 7 given life prison sentences, 3 acquitted Procedure for the trial: o Judges followed Rule of Law o Verdicts were based on evidence o Accused had legal counsel o Accused could address the court o Accused could call witnesses in their defense o Verdicts: 11 sentenced to death, 7 given life prison By 1946, the United Nations General Assembly had confirmed these “principles of international law”, and began to create resolutions which set forth punishment for persons guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity. public or private property, wanton destruction of cities, towns . Ahead of his execution last Thursday, sister of one of the killed police officers Kimberly Chisholm Simmons attempted to reach Governor Ivey. Lawmakers won’t repeal it, and I won’t stand for it. The 5 – 4 ruling was supported by Justices Brennan, Douglas, Marshall, Stewart and White. Building on the work of the Harris Institute’s Crimes Against Humanity Initiative, a new global treaty on the prevention and punishment of crimes against humanity is gaining momentum. of international treaties, agreements, or assurances, or participation c) Crimes against Humanity. Major world and national issues are discussed. I must act.”, In January 2011, both Houses of Illinois’ legislature voted to end capital punishment, Gov. Genocide is often viewed as the ultimate crime against humanity, but they are in fact legally distinct. Crimes against humanity. Atrocities or offences against persons . b) War Crimes. Time and again in the US, innocent victims of judicial unfairness are imprisoned or executed for offenses they didn’t commit. 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